Graham Sutherland

Graham (Vivian) Sutherland was born on August 24, 1903, in Streatham near London. After an apprenticeship and working as an engineer, Graham Sutherland studied art at Goldsmiths' College School of Art in London from 1920 until 1925. His early works consist mainly of landscapes with surrealistic overtones.
In 1936, Sutherland's works were displayed at the International Surrealist Exhibition in London. After an assignment as an official war painter during the Second World War and his first contact with Francis Bacon, with whom he became friends, Graham Sutherland changed the subject of his paintings.
In the 1950's, Sutherland found his strength in his portrait painting, which show unmistakeable marks of Bacon's influence. His portraits include one of Winston Churchill, which was destroyed on order of the testament of Churchill's wife.
Sutherland's many stays in southern France inspired his works in the 1960's.
Sutherland participated in many exhibitions which confirm his international reputation, including the "documenta" in Kassel in 1955, 1959, and 1964. His work was shown at the 1952 Venice Biennale and at the 1955 Bienal de Säo Pauloas as well as retrospectives at the Tate Gallery in London in 1982, in France in 1998, and at the Dulwich Gallery in London 2005.
Graham Sutherland died on February 17, 1980, in London.


# Modern British Artists