Barbara Hepworth

Barbara Hepworth (1903-1975) 
Born in Wakefield, Yorkshire, Barbara Hepworth studied at Leeds College of art in 1921 and at the RCA 1921-4.
In 1924-5 she lived in Italy, and married fellow sculptor John Skeaping. In 1932 and 1933 she and Ben Nicholson (who later became her second husband) visited Picasso, Braque, Mondrian, Arp and Branscusi. She joined Abstraction-Creation in 1933, was a member of Unit One, and befriended Naum Gabo when she and Nicholson moved to St Ives at the outbreak of the Second World War. During the early part of the war Hepworth concentrated on drawing, using some colour. In 1948 she exhibited paintings at Reid and Lefevre, carried out with a mixture of pencil and oil paint, of surgical operations she had observed.
Celebrated as a sculptor, she was nevertheless influencial on the work of a number of painters, and, through her commitment to close contacts with contemporary European artists, she influenced the course of art in general in Britain.

# Modern British Artists